When there is no pilot left to fly the plain, the only things left are the bodies on the ground. Hello. The remote-controlled flying devices called drones are on their way to become Man’s best friend. Their purposes in the civilian society are numerous : to fly over cereal fields to optimise production, to glide over railways to prevent catenary stealing, to help rescue teams in case of a disastre. And that is without considering their multiple uses in the film industry. In the next 10 years, the civilian drone market could be worth almost 12 billion dollars, a true hit right ? Unfortunately, this number is trifling compared to the real market : military drones, which is worth 8 time as much. Let’s take a look back, during WWII, American gunners learn their job by shooting at small remote-controlled devices invented a few decades earlier : target drones. They sounded like a living drone flying, that is where the name comes from. 60 years later, On February 16 2001, the first drone carrying an anti-tank missile is launched from the Nellis airbase in Nevada. And thus, drones went from being target practices to being war weapons. Over the last few years, American war planners have relied heavily on them, after the tortured prisoners in Guantanamo fiasco, the Obama government decided to act more simply. Targeting key leaders of terrorist organisations, and taking them down, from afar. In truth, each week, the American President approves a list of names elegantly named “Kill List”. After a few words were exchanged in the White House, the names checked on the list become targets for the drones. If we look at Pakistan only, George W. Bush authorised 48 drone strikes when Barack Obama authorised 341 strikes. 7 times more, and that on a territory where America is not officially at war, so the CIA is in charge of the operations. Since 2008, the number of American drone pilots has been multiplied by for, reaching 1,300 men. In 2010, the 174th US Air Force squadron was the first to replace all of its F16 fighter jets with combat drones. Controlled from the US ground, these drones insure, in theory, a clinical war. Only the sickly parts are removed. In reality, the strikes are a lot dirtier than expected. In Afghanistan, drones are believed to be responsible for 40% of civilian losses caused by the international coalition. In Pakistan, among the 3,560 estimated casualties, more than 18% are believed to be civilians or are simply unidentified. The US military has even planned “Signature Strikes”. Their purpose is simple, any identified suspect situation can justify an airstrike, for example, a gathering of locals with a weapon and a white pick-up truck. Without any intelligence gathered on the field, everything is made quicker. On the spot however, the buzzing of the drones became a reason to panic for every civilian. On the other side of things, sitting in their armored, air conditioned boxes, thousands of km away from their targets, almost half of the pilots develop post traumatic stress disorders. Nowadays, researchers of the US military are working on fully automatised drones. A software would identify these suspect behaviours and could thus launch an airstrike on its own. After all, if algorithms can already pilot digital streams, why couldn’t they control our future weapons ?