Boeing 747 Spotting Guide || Planes Channel The Boeing 747 is a wide-body, 4-engine commercial jet airliner and cargo aircraft, often referred to by its original nickname, Jumbo Jet, or by a more popular term today Queen of the Skies. Its unique hump upper deck along the forward part of the aircraft makes it among the worlds most recognizable aircraft, and it was the first wide-body produced. The hump on the front third of the fuselage was designed to house the cockpit and a first class lounge. Manufactured by Boeings Commercial Airplane unit in the United States, the original version of the 747 was envisioned to have 150% greater capacity than the Boeing 707. Over 1,500 have been delivered as of the end of 2016. Of the 1,481 100-400 series built, there are 390 747-400s and 14 of the older generation of 747s still in active service, including those in the USAF and Air Force One. The four-engine 747 uses a double deck configuration for part of its length. It is available in passenger, freighter and other versions. The 747 entered service in January of 1970 on Pan Ams New York–London route. The 747 is supported by 18 wheels, two on the front landing gear, and 4 bogies of 4 for the main landing gear, 2 under the fuselage, and one located under each wing. The 747 design team of 4,500 Boeing engineers was led by the legendary Joe Sutter, the Father of the Boeing 747, who died at age 95 in 2016. A World War II veteran of the U.S. Navy, his degree in Aeronautical Engineering served him well in multiple roles at Boeing. He also worked on the Boeing Dash-80, 720, 727 and 737 projects before leading the 747 team. In April of 1966, Pan American World Airways became the launch customer of the wide-body airliner by ordering 25 of the 747-100 models for $525 million. Pan Am President Juan Trippe was a strong advocate for a larger airliner than the 707.